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Ratakatyayni, a Law Graduate, a Member of Rajasthan Bar Council since 1982, and Legal Social Activist.

A brief of Social Life

Student life before Social Service:

In the year 1973-74 Ratan Katyayni started student life at Government High School Viratnagar, District Jaipur. He was elected as the President of the Student Union which led to a life full of struggle. While at School Ratan Katyayni participated in various Debates and Declamations competitions and won many prizes at District level. Here he showed the signs that he had different caliber than his fellow students. He started to work for the benefit of students. In the School library his favorite book used to be “Gandhi Darshan”. With the result that Ratan Katyayni took every steps in the same direction following Mahatma Gandhi - Truth and Non Violence. This influence continued through his life as student. This was the time when he decided that it was indeed unfortunate that he could not meet Rashtrapita Mahatma Gandhi but he will follow his footsteps for the rest of his life. He wanted to meet and follow the Gandhians of his era. He came to know about Lok Nayak Jai Parkash Naryan & National Saint Vinoba Bhave.

Ratan Katyayni started to follow Lok Nayak Jai Parkash Naryan and went to meet him in Sahrsa District’s, Laltola, in Bihar. Here, J.P. Babu had already donated his land for the upliftment of landless, proletarian underprivileged people on the banks of river Ganga. J P Babu was living in a small garden at that time and hundreds of people from far flunged areas of Gujrat & Maharastra were reaching him to bridge the wide gap in society due to religion and caste. Ratan Katyayni was fascinated by this thought and decided to follow. With the dream of Bapu’s Darshan & Lok Nayak Jai Parkash Naryan’s Peaceful Nonviolent Sampoorn Kranti message in his heart he decided to move forward.

Life before Muktidhara:

By now he had completed class 10 from Government High School Viratnagar with the dream of working on Lok Nayak Jai Parkash Naryan’s ideology.

Ratan Katyayni started his social life at the time when the Nation was ablaze with Bihar & Gujrat movements. Hundreds of young people like Ratan Katyayni were trying to change the society by raising the slogan of “sampoorn kranti ab nara hai – bhavi itihaas hamara hai” while taking the movement to every chopual, street and mohalla.

Historical moments of Student Life:

In the year 1974-75 Ratan Katyayni became the Class Representative of his College under Rajasthan University, following which he became the Secretary of Government College Kotputli. This was the time when his thoughts were in transition state. He was so much impressed by Lok Nayak Jai Parkash Naryan that he invited him to his college. Lok Nayak Jai Parkash Naryan came to Government College Kotputli on 25th June1975. A huge public meeting was organized for this historic occasion which was attended by countless leaders. A nationwide movement against the then Government at centre was brewing up. In this whole scenario Ratan Katyayni emerged as a Student Leader with the blessings of J.P. Babu. He is a good orator and he addressed the public meeting with the blessing of J.P. Babu. This occasion gave him a morale boost and he started to work on National Level for the upliftment of Society. Incidentally, this very night of 25th June 1975, National Emergency was declared. Countless workers like J P Babu were put in prisons. People like Ratan Katyayni went underground, but they could not forego their dream of a new changed society. J P Babu remained in jail for 18months till the time Emergency lasted. Due to the efforts of J P Babu the dacoits of Chambal laid down their arms. This incident gave another boost to Ratan Katyayni dream of “a changed society”. Ratan Katyayni from here started to work for the nomadic group people who were still not counted in the main stream and were living without any rights in the society. These nomadic were living the life of totally neglected class. Mr. Ratan Katyayni is a Law Graduate, a member of Rajasthan Bar Council since 1982, and Legal Social Activist.

1.Beginning of Social service: Muktidhara 1990

In the beginning of 1984 Ratan Katyayni under the banner of Chhatra Yuva Sangharsh Vahini had started to check on the Jan movements not only in Rajasthan but in most parts of the country and he was successful in making a lot of companions in this endeavour. He had an eye on nation vide movements in Bodhgaya Mahant Dhansukh Giri was leading a movement for land less farmers and fighting to get them 18,000 acres of land, Shankar Guhan yogi was fighting for the cause of labourers and a movement “Jo zameen ko jote boye - wo zameen ka malik hoye” being run in Bodh Gaya, these were the movements which were being run very peacefully. Ratan Katyayani learnt a great deal from all this and started his own movement for “Jo zameen sarkari hai wo zameen hamari hai” for the nomadic communities in Aravalis. From Gujrat to Haryana in Central Rajasthan along the Aravali range these nomadic communities were living for centuries and moving from one place to another to order to earn their living.

Muktidhara started a movement for these people keeping in view the thoughts of Rashtrapita “Bapu”. The main objectives for these were:

-    Freedom from inhumane behaviour.

-    Freedom from ignorance,

-    Freedom from injustice.

-    Freedom from hunger,

-    Freedom from Terrorism.

“Peaceful way to transform the society” this dream of Muktidhara started in the year 1990 under the leadership of Ratan Katyayni which continues till date. To make Fearless, forceful, efficient, prosper, equivalent based society. Muktidhara decided to help the nomadic community by an innovative way of love, faith and non-violence.

• Community level
(Nomadic community to be organized, trained and to lead enhanced activities.)

• Civil Society level
(Make the advanced communities aware of the activities of nomadic communities.)

• Government level
(Make the Government aware of the human rights and constitutional rights of these nomadic societies.)

2. Muktidhara’s Achievements of two and half decades:

Ratan Katyayni and Muktidhara team took upon an innovative way to implement this threefold plan in the Aravalis. As a result 400 nomadic communities, self-sufficient social rehabilitation have been created in 400 villages which are part of 400 Gram Panchayats, 40 development blocks, 7-8 Districts (Alwar, Jaipur, Bhartpur, Sikar, Dussa, Sawaimadhopur, Karoli and Chitorgarh) of the Rajasthan state. 17 Nomadic Communities (Gadialuhar, Banjara, Bhopa, Sapara-Kanbalia, Bawaria Mogia, Sigeewal, Bazigar, Bharupia, Nat, Bhat, Odd, Kalander, Nathjogi, Bhand, Kuchabanda etc). An effort is being made here to bring in the main stream of national unity and integrity, some 17-18 communities which are 60,000 total population in numbers. At present in these nomadic communities 40 Gram Panchayats are being represented by men and women of these communities. In the last one or two decades they have not only got the right to vote, Gram Adhikar as well. These communities believes in Gram Panchayat system only, till now they do not have any faith in executive Vidhaypalika, court. The reason for this is there is a lot of difference in human values right from education system to marketization. These communities were not only prosperous and rich but also they were the one’s leading the economy, the social system, education and justice for the country in the ancient Indian times.

• Challenges:

These nomadic societies were very prosperous society but after the tenth century when the neighbouring countries started attacking Aryavrat. These rich and prosperous nomadic communities did not have any other option but to become slaves and lead a life of disgrace and penury. Till the time Yavan’s Shak’s, Hoon’s and Muslim rulers or we may say till 16th century these societies could lead a peaceful life in India as nomadic but in the beginning of 18th century when East-India Company was established in India, their officers harassed these nomadic communities a lot and declared them criminals under the British Parliament notification. These laws were established in India so that east India Company can rule peacefully. Criminal act made in the year 1871 was made only for this purpose.

During the freedom movement under Rashtrapita Bapu these nomadic communities took part whole-heartedly and fulfilled Bapu’s dream of Free India. But after Independence the constitution drafting committee of India was established under Dr. Bheem Rao Ambedkar with members of representatives from freedom struggle, representatives from political parties, representatives from homestead, educationist, law-makers, capitalist and social-workers. But these communities were totally ignored. In the constitution of India scheduled castes, scheduled tribes, backward classes were included to give them protection and to ensure their development reservation was made. But nomadic communities were totally forgotten. Today, even after 65 years of independence leave aside the development of these communities are not given the right of Indian societies. Such nomadic societies are prevalent on the east coast, west coast, heart of the country-from west Gujrat to Madhya Pradesh, from Orissa to the forests of Eastern Ghats and in the lower ranges of Aravalis some 250 nomadic tribes with a population of five and half crores is moving from one place to another without being citizens of India. These people have been asking the citizenship right from Rajghat to Parliament house with the slogan “Yeh Azadi jhooti hai, Yeh Azadi dhokha hai”. In these conditions keeping in view the dreams of Bapu, Ratan Katyayni is working for the human rights of these communities. This is an innovative way of human movement where educationist, young men & women, administrative officers, law makers of the country, new social servants, political leaders with good intentions, human right officers have got together under Muktidhara and decided to work for the welfare of these nomadic societies.

Nomadic communities from Rajasthan and neighboring states visit the Muktiashram training and reference center on daily basis. Here work planning is done on how to deal with State Governments and various ministries of Central Government executives and courts and present their case in Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha.

• Future Plans:

Muktidhara has a work plan to work for meaningful and useful education, corruption less society, good employment opportunities, handicrafts development, organic farming, advanced live stock, women empowerment, a society above caste & creed, conservation of natural resources under the leadership of Ratan Katyayni keeping in mind the Rastrapita Bapu’s ideology.

This Social
Endeavour of Muktidhara is also being guided by the chairman of the society Shri justice S.N. Bhargava who is the son of a great freedom fighter member of constitution draft committee and famous parliamentarian Shri Mukut Bihari Bhargava. Due to this, the work plan is progressing in the right direction.

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